Carotid Artery Stenosis

Overview

  • Stenosis of the carotid arteries secondary to atherosclerosis
  • Diagnosis by carotid ultrasound or angiogram (CT or MRI)

 

Presentation

  • Asymptomatic
  • Syncope
  • TIAs
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Carotid bruit

 

Management

  • Treating modifiable risk factors
  • Surgery:
    • Endarterectomy (scraping out the blockage)
    • Angioplasty and stenting
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