Cancer Removal

The objective is to remove the cancer tissue along with a 2mm margin (“clear margin”) of normal breast tissue.

  • Breast Conserving Surgery
    • Lumpectomy
    • Wide Local Excision
    • Quadrantectomy (removal of a quarter of the whole breast)
  • Mastectomy (removal of the whole breast)


Axillary Clearance

  • Offered to patients where early invasive breast cancer has been demonstrated in axillary nodes
  • Involves removing the majority or all lymph nodes from the axilla
  • Increases risk of chronic lymphedema in that arm


Chronic Lymphoedema

  • Can occur in the ipsilateral arm to the breast undergoing surgery
  • This can have a large impact on the patient’s quality of life
  • Patients should be informed of the risk of lymphoedema prior to surgery
  • Resting the arm post operatively, certain exercises and avoiding injury or infection reduces the risk of developing lymphoedema
  • Specialist lymphoedema services available

N.B. Do not take bloods from this arm

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